SERVICEGAP publications are now available.
DP1: Workforce Training, Intangible Investments and Productivity in Europe: Evidence from EU KLEMS and the EU LFS
Discussion Paper 1: Workforce Training, Intangible Investments and Productivity in Europe: Evidence from EU KLEMS and the EU LFS
Mary O'Mahony and Fei Peng, University of BIrmingham
This paper employs industry data, derived from linking the EU LFS to productivity accounts from EU KLEMS, to examine workforce training and productivity in the pre enlargement European Union member states. Training activities are modelled as intangible investments by firms and cumulated to stocks so their impact can be evaluated within a production function framework, including links to the use of information and communications technology (ICT). The results suggest significantly positive effects of training on productivity, both direct and interacted with ICT, with different impacts in services than in production industries. These results are robust to the use of instrumental variables methods, both lagged instruments and a set of variables that capture features of the operation of labour markets.
Discussion Paper 10
Differences in Export Behavior of Services and Manufacturing Firms in Slovenia
Tanja Grublješič and Jože Damijan
LICOS Centre for Institutions and Economic Performance, Belgium
We provide new comprehensive evidence on similarities and differences in export Behavior of Slovenian manufacturing and services firms by using detailed firm-level panel data for Slovenia. Main findings show that export Behavior in these two types of firms is similar and in line with the big picture that is by now familiar from the literature. Slovenian exporting services firms are more productive than non-exporting firms when observed and unobserved heterogeneity are controlled for. Export premia of services firms is even larger than for exporting manufacturing firms. Similarly, pre-entry premia over non-exporters is even larger than for manufacturing firms. We find some evidence of significant learning-by-exporting effects for services firms, but only when using the Levinsohn and Petrin measure of total factor productivity.
DP12: Services offshoring and wages: Evidence from micro data
Discussion Paper 12
Services offshoring and wages: Evidence from micro data
Ingo Geishecker and Holger Görg
Kiel Institute for the World Economy, Germany
This paper investigates the effects of services offshoring on wages using individual level data combined with industry information on offshoring. Our results show that services ofsshoring affects the real wage of low and medium skilled individuals negatively. By contrast, skilled workers benefit from services offshoring in terms of higher real wages. Hence, offshoring has contributed to a
widening of the wage gap between skilled and less skilled workers. This result is obtained while controlling for individual and sectoral observed and unobserved heterogeneity. In particular, our empirical model also controls for the impact of technological change and offshoring materials.